Faqs

The STDs We Test You For - All You Need to Know

Chlamydia

Chlamydia is very common in both men and women and rarely causes symptoms. It’s easily treatable with antibiotics but, if left untreated can spread to both your partner and, other parts of your body.
An abnormal, yellow or strong smelling discharge from the vagina. You could experience swelling inside your vagina and sex might be painful. Peeing may burn and you may want to pee more often.
In the vast majority of cases there will be no symptoms at all. If they do show up it could be anywhere from 1 week to 3+ months post infection.
It’s a very common STI amongst men and women but if untreated can cause damage to a woman’s reproductive system.
The discharge and/or pain around your vagina should go within a week of starting treatment. Testicle pain should improve.
After you start treatment it is advisable to wait 7 days before beginning sexual activity again.

Gonorrhea

An STI caused by a bacteria called Neisseria gonorrhoeae. The infection could happen around your genitals, mouth or rectum. Men may experience pain or burning during peeing, discharge from the penis or pain in the testicles.
Pain or burning during peeing.
There is a chance you can develop a sore throat as well as white patches in the nose, mouth and vagina. You may develop lesions on the genitals that look like warts.
If untreated, it can lead to permanent health problems in both men and women. Early diagnosis and treatment reduces the risks of issues such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and infection in the testicles.
Yes it can be. With the right treatment from your Doctor it can cure the infection.

Trichomoniasis

An STI caused by a tiny parasite, Trichomoniasis can bring on pain when peeing, itchy genitals and a possible discharge from your vagina or penis. It can be treated using antibiotics.
In rare cases it can cure itself but you risk passing on the infection to someone else if you remain untreated.
If left untreated it can spread to other organs including the prostate and could potentially lead to male infertility.
If oral sex is given to a partner who has trichomoniasis in their vagina or penis there is a possibility you can get an infection in your throat.
No it does not cause ulcers or sores.

HIV (I, II, P24 antigen)

Human immunodeficiency virus comes in 2 types that infect humans. Overtime, they lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome which damages the cells in your immune system. If untreated, it can lead to AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency virus).
You can get HIV from contact with infected blood, semen or vaginal fluids. The most common reason is from having unprotected sex with someone infected or sharing drug needles with someone infected. There is currently no cure but with proper medical care, HIV can be controlled.
• Fever
• Chills
• Rash
• Night sweats
• Muscle aches
• Sore throat
• Fatigue
• Swollen lymph nodes
HIV is not easily passed on. The virus is not airborne like cold and flu viruses. HIV lives in the blood and in body fluids.
HIV infection in humans came from a type of chimpanzee in Central Africa. The chimpanzee version (simian immunodeficiency virus) was most likely passed to humans when they hunted the chimpanzees for their meat.

Syphilis

Syphilis can include small sores around your genitals or bottom, a rash usually on your hands and feet and, white patches in your mouth. It can be treated with an antibiotic injection or tablets. It is normally spread by having sex with or sharing sex toys with an infected person.
Yes it can be cured with the correct treatment from a healthcare provider.
It can come and go over time. The only way to make it stay away is to take medicine for it. It can lead to health issues if you leave it untreated.
Untreated syphilis can lead to damage to the brain, eyes, hert, nerves, bones, joints and liver. It can also affect unborn babies. There is a possibility that you could become paralysed, demeted or lose feeling in your body.
You don’t need to have sexual intercourse to get syphilis. You can get it if you’re in close contact with an infected person’s mouth, rectum or genitals.

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is an infection of the liver caused by a virus. It does not always show symptoms but possible ones are a high temperature, feeling sick, diarrhoea and tummy pain. It can get better without treatment but often requires medicine to control the virus. It is spread in blood and bodily fluids. A vaccine is offered to babies in the UK to help prevent Hepatitis B.
Hepatitis B is spread when blood, semen or other bodily fluids from an infected person enter a non-infected person’s body.
It can be a potentially life threatening liver infection if left untreated.
The majority of adults fully recover even if they have severe symptoms. A vaccine is given to infants in the UK to prevent hepatitis B. Most adults can recover from hepatitis B without treatment. If the virus is in the blood for more than 6 months, it is considered a permanent infection.
Antiviral medications can help fight the virus prescribed by a health care expert. They can assist in slowing down its ability to damage the liver.

When to test

STIs can often take a while to show up in tests. Wait 4 weeks from the time you think you have been exposed to an infection before you take a test.

Syphilis and hepatitis B can take up to 12 weeks before they can be detected. Wait 12 weeks before taking a test if you think/know that these are the infections you have been exposed to.
Are you developing possible symptoms? Are your sexual activity circumstances changing? Consider taking a test for any of these reasons:

• New sexual partner
• Unprotected sex
• Symptoms of an STI
• Previous partner is infected
Collect your sample before 10am Monday - Thursday and return it the same day. You should not engage in sexual activity if you’re concerned about exposure to an infection. Just be patient and we’ll get your results back to you within 2-5 days.
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